What is GIS?

GIS is a system and organization consisting of hardware, software and users; to obtain, store, process and analyze graphical and oral information regarding geographical entities and to produce and present new information. (Montgomery, 1993).

Why GIS in Archeology?

Coordinates, which are the essence of maps and GIS are important resources for archeology as for digital representation of urban data groups. This technology offers many solutions to archeology either during excavations or surveys. GIS also allows archaeology to represent settlement inventories in a format which is more visible and different than a database. During the inventory work for a certain research area multiple data groups can be analyzed, queried and cross-linked. Determining the closest water resources or mines to a settlement; determining the regions that have areas belonging to a certain age/period or possible destruction a highway/facility will cause to cultural resources can be answered using appropriate map/setllement layers. And by continuously updating the underlying data in the layers, GIS will enable the planning and protection projects in the region to rely on a up to date and reliable database.

TAY Project aims at sharing the information since the beginning of humanity regarding the Anatolia and Thrace regions, all the archeological settlements from the Palaeolithic Age to Ottoman period with the national and international audience, scientific world, governmental and non-governmental organizations. Having the principle of sharing the scientifically obtained information with all the parties, TAY Project is sharing the fundamental data/information lacked in all cultural protection projects or programs, with scientists, decision makers, political organizations, NGO's at the same time at same level. By enabling the interested and responsible parties to reach multidimensional, relational and detailed knowledge-base, and to run their operations based on scientific foundations.

How to use TAYGIS?

1. If you can not see Turkey map -in other words Java is not installed- please download and install the Java Software from the link in the main page (or here).
(Windows® users should install here Java, a special version to overcome the Turkish character problems. Apple® MacOS X users who use Mozilla, Firefox, Camino, please download and install JavaEmbeddingPlugin to your system.)

2. After the map is loaded you will see Turkey country borders. Our tests with various operating systems, connection speeds, web browsers indicate a 4-5 minutes of loading time for all layers.

As explained above GIS is a layered map database. When you connect to TAYGIS all the boxes -except for cities- in the “Layer Toolbox” will be empty. (a) You need to click on the relevant layer you want to search/query. You can enable two or more layers at the same time.

There are also small arrows (b) near the boxes. These show the legend of the layer and indicate that there are sub-layers. For example “Destruction Type” layer contains subsets such as “Agriculture”, “Illicit Digging”, “Contemporary Settlements”. You can enable-disable these sub-layers to make detailed queries.

3. What are the buttons for?


Zoom In

Zoom Out







4. By choosing a region in the “Little Map” on the bottom left you can get closer to the region or scroll the main map.

5. When the mouse arrow comes over a settlement -if the relevant layer is selected in the “Layer Toolbox”- you can see the settlement name. Or if you drag and select a rectangular region all the layers and information will appear in a contextual menu…

not over...

when you select a layer from the contextual menu the data will be presented in a "Attribute Table". A table where you can reach detailed information regarding the layer… (Abbreviations in attribute table)

not over yet…

When you select a line from the table which was opened in a new window, and click on the upper left “On Map” button, the item will be presented to you on the map in green in a 300 km region.

Didn't think that that was all I hope...

If the table includes archeological settlements, clicking on the “Link” button after selecting a line you will be beamed up to TAY Project databases and reach the settlement record (period, 14C, maps, finding/architecture drawings, photographs)…

That's enough please!
(Soon a “Send” button to be placed on the table will beam you to the relevant settlement. We are working on the infrastructure. :-))

6. There is a "Search Area" on the upper left of the map. Please check which layers are enabled before you search. Later it is late. If you want to reach a Chalcolithic Age settlement by name make sure that “Chalcolithic” layer is selected (white) and the box is marked (black).

That's the all toll!

We almost heard you saying "How easy that GIS is, and how useful indeed” in a cockney accent..
All natural! All made by TAY without the touch of a hand.

With all our thanks...

Ian Johnson and TimeMap Team
(Archaeological Computing Laboratory , University of Sydney, Australia)

Haluk Inci (Iki Nokta)

H. Nuzhet Dalfes (Istanbul Technical University - Informatics Institute)

Who made this?

First attempts: H. Nuzhet Dalfes, Murad Ozbasaran, Mihriban Ozbasaran,
Oguz Tanindi, Sayisal Grafik

TAYGIS production team: Inanc Esat, Kerim Bayer, Yucel Ciddi,

Hazal Seher Ozkan, Oguz Tanindi, Ozdemir Gundogan

Additional help:
TAYEx Field and TAY Cockpit Teams,
Ruchan Ziya, Ali Soysal, Kerim Benhisavi, Mehmet Celikel Foundation
and all who encouraged us...

Beta testers: Kerim Benhisavi, H. Nuzhet Dalfes,
Yakup Dursen, Gunes Duru, Burcin Erdogu,
Haluk Inci, Ali Kabas, Mihriban Ozbasaran,
Deniz Uygun, Ozgür Yogurtcu